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Posted: **Fri Jul 07, 2006 10:08 pm**

by **temper_3243**

hey ,

can you gimme your source code. I just wanna compare it with mine. my email address is

niklaus@gmail.com

Posted: **Fri Nov 24, 2006 5:29 am**

by **pineapple**

I get the same output which adrian posted but still WA.

Who can help me?Point out my fault.thanks!

The following is my code:

Posted: **Fri Nov 24, 2006 10:09 am**

by **Jan**

Its really tough to get this one accepted. And finding bug is impossible. Try changing these...

Code: Select all

```
if(ar-br==0.0)
Dont use this, try to use
if( fabs(ar-br) < eps )
```

And eps should be positive and small. 1e-7 or 1e-8 will do. Try changing these.

### 453 PE

Posted: **Mon Feb 26, 2007 12:31 am**

by **jurajz**

Many threads to this problem are about Wrong Answer. My first submit was WA too, but next 4 submissions I had PE. I don't understand, why

I think, that messages ("NO INTERSECTION" or "THE CIRCLES ARE THE SAME") and coordinates of the points (with parenthesis) I print correct, without any blanks. I think about extra lines in the end of input. I avoid to write "-0.000", I write "0.000". But still PE. Blank lines shouldn't be here...

Have someone idea, where may be the reason of PE? Many solution have PE in this problem. {198 AC/ 145 PE in this time}

Thanks in advance!

Please sorry for my bad english.

Posted: **Mon Feb 26, 2007 1:57 pm**

by **Jan**

I got PE several times, too. Then I changed the 'eps' value and got accepted.

Posted: **Mon Feb 26, 2007 9:17 pm**

by **jurajz**

Many thanks, Jan. After 6 PE I got Accepted. You are right, PE is caused by EPS value. For 10^( -12 ) or 10^( -8 ) it is PE. For 10^( -4 ) it is AC.

Posted: **Thu May 03, 2007 10:00 pm**

by **erdos**

I've tried with Epsilon = 1e-4 and 1e-8 and got PE in both cases.

What might be wrong?

The PE ratio is also quite high.

This problem has a special corrector (probably because of the accuracies?)

### 453 WA

Posted: **Sat Jun 09, 2007 12:55 pm**

by **likhan**

Everybody is talking about getting PE, but man I cannot remove WA talk about PE later. Anyways looked for Adrian's inputs, but they are not any more available neither from Stefen site nor Adrians. Somebody please come to rescue, I'm going crazy already tried arnd 20 submissions with different combinations. Heeeeeeeeeelllllllllpppppppppp.

Code: Select all

```
#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#define EPS 1e-4
#define EQUAL(a,b) (fabs((a)-(b))<EPS)
#define ROUND(a) ((long)(((a)+5e4)*1000))
#define SQR(a) ((a)*(a))
#define ZERO(a) (fabs(a)<EPS)
void main()
{
double x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2, D, A, ix1, iy1, ix2, iy2;
//freopen("453.in", "r+", stdin);
//printf("%lf", EPS);
while ( scanf("%lf %lf %lf %lf %lf %lf", &x1, &y1, &r1, &x2, &y2, &r2) == 6 )
{
D = SQR(x1 - x2) + SQR(y1 - y2);
D = sqrt(D);
A = (D + r1 + r2) * (D + r1 - r2) * (D - r1 + r2) * (-D + r1 + r2);
if ( EQUAL(x1, x2) && EQUAL(y1, y2) && EQUAL(r1, r2) )
{
puts("THE CIRCLES ARE THE SAME");
}
else if (D < fabs(r1 - r2) || D > (r1 + r2) )
//else if ((r1 + r2) < D )
{
puts("NO INTERSECTION");
}
else
{
A = (sqrt(A) / 4.0);
ix1 = ix2 = ((x1 + x2) / 2) - (((x1 - x2) * (SQR(r1)-SQR(r2))) / (2 * SQR(D)));
ix1 = ix1 + ((2 * (y1 - y2) * A) / SQR(D));
ix2 = ix2 - ((2 * (y1 - y2) * A) / SQR(D));
iy1 = iy2 = ((y1 + y2) / 2) - (((y1 - y2) * (SQR(r1)-SQR(r2))) / (2 * SQR(D)));
iy1 = iy1 - ((2 * (x1 - x2) * A) / SQR(D));
iy2 = iy2 + ((2 * (x1 - x2) * A) / SQR(D));
ix1 = (ZERO(ix1) ? 0 : ix1);
iy1 = (ZERO(iy1) ? 0 : iy1);
ix2 = (ZERO(ix2) ? 0 : ix2);
iy2 = (ZERO(iy2) ? 0 : iy2);
//if ( ROUND(ix1) == ROUND(ix2) && ROUND(iy1) == ROUND(iy2) )
if ( EQUAL(ix1, ix2) && EQUAL(iy1, iy2) )
{
printf("(%.3lf,%.3lf)\n", ix1, iy1);
}
else
{
if ( (ix1 < ix2) || (EQUAL(ix1, ix2) && (iy1 < iy2)) )
printf("(%.3lf,%.3lf)(%.3lf,%.3lf)\n", ix1, iy1, ix2, iy2);
else
printf("(%.3lf,%.3lf)(%.3lf,%.3lf)\n", ix2, iy2, ix1, iy1);
}
}
}
}
```

Posted: **Wed Jun 20, 2007 9:55 pm**

by **kn**

Really tough problem...

My code passed the test case provided by the other post...yet, WA

Round-off problem is difficult to tackle... for this online judge.

I think dealing with the round-off error "correctly" requires some "luck".

BTW, why I can't search the posts of this problem after I entered "453"?

Code: Select all

```
#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <math.h>
#define EPSILON 1e-4
using namespace std;
double xc1, xc2, yc1, yc2;
double r1, r2;
inline bool EQUAL(double X, double Y){
return fabs(X-Y)<EPSILON;
}
inline double zz(double X){
if(fabs(X)<EPSILON) return 0.000;
else return X;
}
void printPair(double X, double Y);
int main(){
while(scanf("%lf", &xc1)!=EOF){
scanf("%lf %lf", &yc1, &r1);
scanf("%lf %lf %lf", &xc2, &yc2, &r2);
if(EQUAL(xc1,xc2) && EQUAL(yc1,yc2) && EQUAL(r1,r2)){
if(EQUAL(r1,0.000)&&EQUAL(r2,0.000))
printf("(%.3lf,%.3lf)\n",xc1,yc1);
else
printf("THE CIRCLES ARE THE SAME\n");
continue;
}
double dx = xc1-xc2;
double dy = yc1-yc2;
double sqD = dx*dx+dy*dy;
double sumR = r1+r2;
double sqSumR = sumR*sumR;
double diffR = r1-r2;
double sqDiffR = diffR*diffR;
if(EQUAL(sqD,sqSumR)){
// Touch externally
// Exactly 1 intersecting pt
double ratio = r2/sumR;
printPair(xc2+dx*ratio, yc2+dy*ratio);
printf("\n");
}else{
// Find Equation of Chord...
double d1=-2*xc1, e1=-2*yc1, f1=xc1*xc1+yc1*yc1-r1*r1;
double d2=-2*xc2, e2=-2*yc2, f2=xc2*xc2+yc2*yc2-r2*r2;
double A=d1-d2, B=e1-e2, C=f1-f2;
double xFinal, yFinal;
// Touches internally
// Exactly 1 intersectin pt
if(EQUAL(sqD,sqDiffR)){
if(EQUAL(B,0.000)){
xFinal = -C/A;
yFinal = yc1;
}else{
double AoverB = A/B, CoverB = C/B;
double a=1+AoverB*AoverB;
double b=-2*xc1+2*AoverB*(yc1+CoverB);
xFinal = -b/2/a;
yFinal = -AoverB*xFinal - CoverB;
}
printPair(xFinal, yFinal);
printf("\n");
}else if(sqD > sqSumR || sqD < sqDiffR){
// No intersection
printf("NO INTERSECTION\n");
}else{
// Distinct intersections
if(EQUAL(B,0.000)){
printf("EQUAL B, DISTINCT\n");
xFinal = -C/A;
double temp=xFinal-xc1;
double c=r1*r1-temp*temp;
double rDelta=sqrt(c);
printPair(xFinal, yc1-rDelta);
printPair(xFinal, yc1+rDelta);
// printf("(%.3lf,%.3lf)\n", zz(xFinal), yc1+rDelta);
}else{
double AoverB = A/B, CoverB = C/B;
double a=1+AoverB*AoverB;
double b=-2*xc1+2*AoverB*(yc1+CoverB);
double temp=CoverB+yc1; temp*=temp;
double c=xc1*xc1+temp-r1*r1;
double DELTA = b*b-4*a*c;
double rDelta = sqrt(DELTA);
xFinal = (-b-rDelta)/2/a;
yFinal = -AoverB*xFinal - CoverB;
printPair(xFinal, yFinal);
xFinal = (-b+rDelta)/2/a;
yFinal = -AoverB*xFinal - CoverB;
printPair(xFinal, yFinal);
}
printf("\n");
}
}
}
return 0;
}
void printPair(double X, double Y){
printf("(%.3lf,%.3lf)", zz(X), zz(Y));
}
```

### Re: 453 argghhh

Posted: **Sun Nov 07, 2010 12:23 pm**

by **zobayer**

those who are still in trouble with this one: just make sure your formula is correct (no matter what you see in your pc)

I used eps = 1e-4

carefully compare:

a > b should be a > b + eps

a < b should be a + eps < b

a == b should be fabs(a - b) < eps

for comparing if there is only one point, calculate two points as usual, then compare if they are same, don't use any other properties for checking if they are same, and don't forget to maintain the order. remember also that, there are circles of 0.00 radii.

before submitting, make eps = 1e-4

I got PE with 1e-5 and AC with 1e-4, although, in my pc, 1e-4 produces many incorrect answer where 1e-5 produces more correct answers (according to IO provided with in this thread). got ac in 3 submissions...

nice geometry with frustrating IO set.

### Re: 453

Posted: **Thu Nov 11, 2010 10:00 am**

by **ujjal.ruet**

gootsa,please check this testcase..

Code: Select all

```
input
1.0 1.0 5.0
1.0 1.0 10.0
output must be
(1.000,1.000)
```

please ,send your new code to me,if you dont mind....

usuttra@yahoo.com

### Re: 453 argghhh

Posted: **Thu Nov 11, 2010 1:04 pm**

by **ujjal.ruet**

I got AC on this problem.

check this test case given below.U will get AC also...

Code: Select all

```
1.0 1.0 5.0
1.0 1.0 5.0
1.0 1.0 0.0
1.0 1.0 0.0
5.2 2.5 0.0
6.1 8.2 0.0
```

### Re: 453

Posted: **Thu Nov 11, 2010 1:50 pm**

by **gootsa**

But why the answer should be (1,1)? These two circles does not have any intersection.

### Re: 453 PE

Posted: **Sun Aug 05, 2012 7:00 am**

by **h.hesham**

Code: Select all

`if(EQUAL(xc1,xc2) && EQUAL(yc1,yc2) && EQUAL(r1,r2))`

your problem is here, an infinite number of points does not mean that they MUST be the same (although the output says so)

### 453: Query

Posted: **Sun Sep 15, 2013 4:22 am**

by **Shadek**

Why the output for the following input is "NO INTERSECTION"?

Code: Select all

```
0.931547 0.869930 0.866543
0.674520 0.758415 0.581896
```

Can anybody prove mathematically?

I see distance of two centers is 0.280176, some of two radius is 1.44844. So there should be intersections.