10450 - World Cup Noise

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bery olivier
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10450 - World Cup Noise

Hi !

I tried to solve "world cup noise" 4 times but I only got Time Limit Exeeded and WA.
I know it seem to be an easy problem. But I really don't understand why I can't manage to get Acc.
Is that anybody could give me a heap of sample input/outpout

Thanks.
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Last edited by bery olivier on Sat Feb 15, 2003 3:16 pm, edited 1 time in total.

Larry
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How about I give you a recurrence?
T(n) = T(n-1) + T(n-2)

This fits in long long..

bery olivier
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Larry wrote:How about I give you a recurrence?
T(n) = T(n-1) + T(n-2)

This fits in long long..
I finally got Acc . But I think long long isn't enough for the 5 last numbers. I had to cheat a little to succed.
Thanks a lot larry.

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Larry
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Well, Fib is ~ 1.6^n (or so, don't remember off my head), which is smaller than 2^n, and the max input is only 51... so long long worked perfectly for me..

bery olivier
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Well anyway, the first time I sent my source I got WA. Then I print the 4 last numbers ( if(51) printf("XXX"); I know it's not really beautiful, but it was accepted. I'll try to improve it) and it worked perfectly. I don't know what's the matter. Maybe something wrong whit my compiler or something else.
Not AC yet AC at last

zsepi
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why fibonacci?

hei,
I spent some time on the problem and I just couldn't figure out how to solve it, but after looking at this thread, it seems that it is using the fibonacci numbers - could someone explain me why or just recommend some book/website? thanx a lot.
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magicalan
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code : array [1..50] of longint;
zeros : longint;

when n = 1
there are only two possibilities '1' and '0'
for n = 2 we try to add '0' and '1' after them
(code[1] = 2 , zeros = 1(one number end with zero))

for number end with '1' , we can add '0' only
for '0' , we can add both '0' and '1'

so '10' , '01' , '00' ( total number = zeros * 2 + ones = 3
new zeros = code[1])

.........

we come up with the code

zeros:= 1;
code[1]:=2;

for i:=2 to 50 do begin
code := code[i-1] + zeros;
{code:= code[i-1] - zeros + zeros *2}
zeros := code[i-1];
end;

and I discover that zeros is code[i-2] when it is added.

so ------- >

code[1]:=1;
code[2]:=3;

for i:=3 to 50 do
code:=code[i-1] + code[i-2];
ALAN LEE

Larry
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Base Case:

T(1) = 2 (0) and (1)

T(2) = T( 1 ) ( This is adding a '1' to each of the string ) plus 1 ( Adding a '0' to the (1) string ) = 3

T(3) = T(2) (Again, adding '1' to each of the string) plus T(1) (This is the number of occurences where the last digit is not zero.

and so on...

I learnt this in my combinatorics class, and I took that a few years ago, so maybe someone can explain this better..

zsepi
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thanx a lot guys,
I guess I'll just borrow a combinatorics book from someone and read through that - I'm just a freshman and combinatorics is next semester for me....

thanx again!
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Sajid
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Using DP

Hello, guys...

Why dont u use Dynamic Programming Algorithm for this problem. I think, it'll take less Time Complexity.

Best of LUCK.. c ya...

Dominik Michniewski
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In many cases recurence is involvwe with DP. I think, that of of this guys talking about recurences using it (with me too). If not - TLE must occur )) because computing >25 number in this problem is very time-consuming ...

Dominik Michniewski
If you really want to get Accepted, try to think about possible, and after that - about impossible ... and you'll get, what you want ....
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Moni
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But just tell me how did you all came across to this algorithm? From Knuth's book? or Observing the pattarn? How you have figured it out that it has some relation with the "Fibonacci Sequence"???
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turuthok
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Hello Moni, ... I hope this can explain a little bit on why it is related to Fibonacci sequence, ...

We all know from problem-statement that we finally reduce the problem to finding the number of all binary-strings of length n that don't have consecutive ones.

Let f(n) = number of binary-strings of length n that don't have consecutive ones.

We can split f(n) by two smaller functions:
-> f0(n) -> finds the number of strings that start with '0'.
-> f1(n) -> finds the number of strings that start with '1'.

Let's consider f1(n) ... If the string starts with '1', clearly the next digit has to be '0'. So, the strings are fixed to "10????..."
Starting from s[2] until s[n-1], the values are chosen so there is no consecutive ones. That means it is the same as calculating f(n-2) ...

f0(n) is even simpler. Since it starts with '0' ... the next digit can be either '0' or '1' ... So, the strings are only fixed to this pattern "0????..." and the rest should be chosen in such a way so that no consecutive ones are found. It's the same as calculating f(n-1).

Finally, we can see right away that f(n) = f(n-2) + f(n-1) ... which is Fibonacci sequence.

-turuthok-
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Red Scorpion
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10450

Hi,
I always got WA.

Is my output right?

Input:
9
0
2
10
9
13
50
51
47
49

Output:
0
3
81
60
175
10151
10777
8420
9550

Thanks.

turuthok
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RedScorpion, ... 51 is not a valid input ...

Here's the output of my solution (excluding 51):

Code: Select all

``````Scenario #1:
0

Scenario #2:
3

Scenario #3:
144

Scenario #4:
89

Scenario #5:
610

Scenario #6:
32951280099

Scenario #7:
7778742049

Scenario #8:
20365011074
``````
-turuthok-
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge (Proverbs 1:7).